Retinopathy Treatment

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Retinal vein occlusions

This refers to a blockage in one of the veins of the retina. This can occur in the central retinal vein or one of its branches.

What are the symptoms of retinal vein occlusions?

This occurs suddenly and results in blurred vision. The degree of visual blur depends on the severity of the blockage and the location. Symptoms include a varying degrees of sudden painless loss of vision.

Who is at more risk of retinal vein occlusions?

People that are middle aged to elderly, diabetics, hypertensives, patients with high cholesterol, patients with pre-existing heart disease, previous MI, and patients with angina.

What are the causes of retinal vein occlusions?

Retinal vein occlusions are idiopathic – meaning, of unknown cause. Their incidence is associated with diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, other rare diseases of the blood. High blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes are the main risk factors associated with developing this condition.

How are retinal vein occlusions diagnosed?

Diagnosis typically occurs after a full ocular history and exam, dilated fundal exam, OCT imaging, and fundus fluorescein angiography.

What are the treatments for retinal vein occlusions?

Treatments include laser photocoagulation, implanting a steroid pellet into the vitreous and anti-VEGF injections into the vitreous. The prognosis is good if mild to moderate cases are treated early.

What is the prognosis for patients with retinal vein occlusions if they are left untreated?

The prognosis is poor if there is severe bleeding and oedema left untreated. There can be some resolution if the bleeding is mild.

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Discuss the next steps
towards restoring your vision

020 7305 5063

Central serous retinopathy

This refers to a condition where fluid collects at the macula. It can lead to blurred central vision. It typically affects younger male patients. The cause is often unknown but can be associated with the use of steroid medication. The condition often resolves on its own but occasionally laser treatment is applied to ‘switch off’ the leakage areas.

What are the symptoms of central serous retinopathy?

The symptoms include a gradual painless loss of central vision in varying degrees.

Who is at more risk of central serous retinopathy?

Typically, younger males are more at risk. We also see more incidence among people with Type A personalities, stressed individuals, and those on steroid medication.

Who are the causes of central serous retinopathy?

The causes of central serous retinopathy are idiopathic – meaning, of unknown cause. Higher incidence is seen among those taking steroid medication.

How are central serous retinopathy diagnosed?

Diagnosis usually follows a full ocular history and exam, dilated fundal exam,
OCT imaging, and fundus fluorescein angiography.

What are the treatments for central serous retinopathy?

The first line of treatment is observation and the use of a cold laser in persistent cases. The prognosis is typically excellent, although a small minority will continue to experience chronic symptoms.

What is the prognosis for patients with retinal vein occlusions if they are left untreated?

If the retinal vein occlusion is moderate to severe then the prognosis is poor for vision. Only the mild cases resolve spontaneously to a recovery of vision.

Call today to get answers

Discuss the next steps
towards restoring your vision

020 7305 5063

Inherited retinal conditions

The symptoms in inherited retinal conditions include a loss of central vision, a loss of peripheral vision, and loss of night vision. The severity of these symptoms will vary depending on the condition.

Who is more at risk of inherited retinal conditions?

As the term implies, those with family history are more at risk, though spontaneous cases can occur.

What is the cause of inherited retinal conditions?

The typical causes are genetic defects.

How are inherited retinal conditions diagnosed?

Diagnosis usually follows a full ocular history and exam, dilated fundal exam,
OCT imaging, fundus fluorescein angiography, and electrophysiology.

What is the prognosis of inherited retinal conditions if they are left untreated?

The prognosis is dependent on the condition, some are progressive and
lead to severe sight impairment, others affect parts of the vision
preferentially

What is the treatment for inherited retinal conditions?

The first line of treatment includes observation, an investigation into family history of the condition, the discussion of risk of progression and affecting children and siblings. The prognosis of these conditions is variable dependent on the condition.

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If you’re seeking private retinopathy treatment in London, contact us to schedule a free telephone consultation with Jaheed Khan by using the form at bottom right of this page.